Dimitris Kazakis - interviewed by Joshua Tartakovsky
Dimitris Kazakis: Support for Brexit, Germans Have Right to Oppose Migration, Greece Threatened by NATO Takeover
By Joshua Tartakovsky, editor of GIAnalytics.org
One year ago, while in Athens, Greece, I interviewed Dimitris Kazakis, leader of United Popular Front (EPAM), a popular Left movement that emerged from the anti-memorandum protests of 2011. Kazakis is an erudite speaker, an economist, and one who knows both the terrain of the social struggle and the high-end banking sector in London where he worked for many years.
At the time, Kazakis was not very optimistic about Syriza – the Left party governing Greece, if to say the least. He warned that Prime Minister Tsipras has no intention of breaking with austerity and that he will take on a new contract that will enslave the country further. The interview was conducted in February 2015 but it took me months to publish it since I wanted to give Syriza a chance. Kazakis was right. It happened exactly as he said. One year later, on February 17 2016, I met Kazakis at the offices of EPAM in Athens again. Things are much worse in Athens now.
Mr. Kazakis covered almost all issues under the sun. He talked about the migration crisis, why he supports a Brexit, Greece’s economic predicament, the world economy, NATO in the Aegean, Erdogan and Merkel, NGOs dubious roles, nationalism, why cosmopolitanism is dangerous, the Germans, perpetual war, Venezuela and Cuba. Below is the full interview.
JT You actually predicted what will happen at the time, because at the time what you said was that these negotiations are a sham, they are going to sign on another contract and so on. At the time when I wanted to publish the article, there were many people warning me not to publish it, not to bring down Syriza, and it turned out that it happened exactly as you said. So that's why I published it later but at least I published it before basically what was a betrayal of a promise.
DK I can understand that because when I went to a conference in Nice, on November, and they asked me to explain what happened to Greece, what happened to the Left party, or to the Left government of Syriza. And I told them what exactly happened from day one. Right after the elections of the 25th of January, back in 2015. Everyone was astonished. There were French, Spanish, Italians, Germans. Everybody. And of course, afterwards, everybody came to me and told me that we are very very sorry. We were totally wrong in our estimation about Syriza the Left government.
JT The problem is that by then it was too late...
DK Yeah, exactly. Too late for us, especially. And for Europe. Because the system invested in the Syriza government, in order to show everybody, every European people, that no one can do anything with the whole system, the system of the European regime, of the banks, of the Euro. And in that way, they were trying to produce disapointment in the society. Especially in Greece and of course all over Europe. No one could understand what happened here in Greece. How the anti-memorandum coalition of Syriza and Kammenos [the Independent Greeks –ANEL] can do such things as sign a third memorandum against the people and produce such a politically incorrect situation here in Greece.
JT This brings me to a related question which I think is relevant. In Britain, the UK, the place where you lived in the past and also worked, there will be a vote on Britain leaving the European Union. So, if I may ask, do you support Britain leaving the European Union?
DK Yeah, of course.
JT And does that mean you would also support the Leave campaign?
DK As EPAM we have relations with the umbrella of the movements against the European Union in Britain. And I was asked by British colleagues, fighters against the EU, to go there on a speech tour. I don't know if I can do that because of the political situation here in Greece...
JT Schengen, because of the every day situation?
DK Exactly. And now we have a social - we are at the process of a social resurrection of the Greek society so we have a lot to do in Greece. I don't know if we have the spare time to go over in Britain on a speech tour. But, anyway, we support any movement that is against the European Union on terms of democracy. We are fighting for democracy. And in order to fight for democracy you have to fight for national sovereignty. That's the basis of democracy. You cannot have democracy without national sovereignty of any people. British people, Greek people, the German people. And that's the only way. So, yes. We support the Leave campaign against the European Union.
Of course we are on a different page in terms of social and economic policy. But that's our difference. But we support them for Britain to leave the European Union. And they have to leave. Because otherwise they will face one way or the other the same sort of situation that we are facing.
JT How so? If you can elaborte on that a little bit....
DK You cannot have a European Union, you cannot participate in a union and have mainly the banks, patrons, and of course the banking elite, or the financial elite - the engine of the financial elite - as first and foremost against the people, and against the interests of the people, and on the same page have social security, or social insurance or a social security state, or provide for the unemployed and the poverty-stricken population. You cannot have social labor and democratic rights in a state that is participating in the European Union. Because the European Union was built from day one to support the financial elites’ interests. That's why, we believe that Britain has to go. It has to leave the European Union. It will make our struggle much easier. Because if Britain decides to get rid of the European Union, it will be much easier for us, to convince the Greeks that you don't have to be afraid of anything. You see, even if bigger countries, a huge economy, like the British, is leaving EU. So why not you? Simple.
JT As you told me one year ago, that basically the EU-led austerity - "They made us less than human." This is a general question. What is the current situation with pensions, social security, farmers. What is the economic situation in Greece at the moment since the past year?
DK I'll give you official data: Now, if we take the middle family income. The middle family budget. The income of this middle family budget is right now, let's see with the official data of 2014. Because we don't have any new data. We're talking about 18,000 Euro per year. ok? Back in 2010, it was 23,000. Now, we are at 18,000. Of course you have income in order to buy the things you need, the consumer, to consume as the family, the things you need to support the family. In order to provide your family's basic needs you need 47,000 Euro. And you have an income of 18,000.
Is that all? No. You also have to pay for the bank loans another 2500 per year. You have to pay extra taxes on your income. That's another 3,700 per year. You also have to pay social insurance fees. That's another 3,500 per year. If you put all this down, you'll see that on an income basis of 18,000 per year, the obligations of the middle family, are up to 36,000-37,000 per year. Give me a situation similar to this and provide me with an alternative... There is no way you can get rid of that economic situation. You cannot even imagine how you can get rid of the depression we have here in Greece, and of course, how will the economy turn around. There is no way. There is just no way. We need more than double of the income for the middle family in order to keep up with the obligations. There is no way you can have that because we have to withstand austerity, we have the memorandums. Now in 2016, they say they need more than 2 to 4 billion more taxes out of the family budget, and this will destroy the basis of the social insurance system in order for the beneficiary to pay more fees and get less in terms of pension, in terms of social security support.
JT What is the situation of homelessness at the moment?
DK We have a problem of homelessness, but right now because of the dispersion of the homes, in Greece, more than 75% of the population owns the apartments or the houses that they live in, so there is no huge problem. Of course, most of the families now, they own the houses of the apartments they own but they were taken through loans from the banks, so the banks now are trying to confiscate the private property from them but they didn't dare, up till now, to do what they did in Spain or in the US. Of course, they have the laws now. Before one year, when we talked back one year ago, they didn't have the law, but now the banks do have the law on their side. The Left government provided the bankers with the legal status of what they have for foreclosures and confiscation, the same type of legal status they have in the US. This is the product of the Left government, not of the rightist or the Left government we had back then. The Left government provides the legal tool for the banksters for foreclosures and to confiscate private property. It was out of the question, if we go back two or three years ago.
JT The Syriza government has been waiting on this issue of enacting foreclosures. And at some point they will be forced to take action probably.
DK Yes, they will try. And they even voted a law that allows the banks to sell overdue loans for the funds we call vultures. And right now one bank, one systemic bank, the Alpha bank, sold a package of overdue loans to a private fund for 3% of the nominal value. 3%. Right now in Greece we have 100 billion of overdue loans. Now, the bankers will sell these 100 billion overdue loans to vulture funds. For how much? For 3-5 billion. And I proposed to the government a simple solution: give the bankers the 3-5 billion, take the 100 billion nominal value of overdue loans and destroy them.
JT But they are not doing that....
DK No… not even in order to provide for the citizens who cannot pay for the labor men. They cannot provide, because they don't have jobs, they don't have income. So, we pay the recapitilization of the banking system more than 60 billion Euros as tax payers. 60 billion. And now Mr. Draghi wants the Greek taxpayer to pay another 14 billion Euros for the recapitalization of the bank system in Greece. Why don’t they give to the bankers at least 3 to 5 billion - that's nothing, compared to what we gave already to the banks and what they are asking for - and take the bloody overdue loans and get rid of them. Leave the people alone.
JT But they aren't doing it...
DK No. This government doesn't do it.
JT I think it's not even possible for the Government to take unilateral actions without the approval of the Troika...
DK Exactly. Because that's the new thing about the Third Memorandum. We have a new memorandum, the third section of the memorandum. If you go back to the law that was passed by the Greek parliament on the 14 of August 2015, you will see in the third section of the memorandum that the government cannot do anything without the approval of the IMF or the European Commission and the European Central Bank. We are under a occupation regime. We are less than a colony. Less. And we cannot provide even for the borders, to guard the borders of Greece. No. We do not even have a say about this thing. That is why we are less than a state, in international law terms.
JT This brings me to the question of the migration crisis which is facing Europe now. Obviously Greece has already so many big economic problems, now it also had to deal with Hotspots which are being imposed by the European Union, besides the fact that NATO decided to patrol in the Agean supposedly to stop the coming of the migrants. This brings me to ask what do you think Greece should do about it if it could.
DK The first thing Greece has to do is to get rid of the Schengen Treaty and the Dublin Treaty in order to provide for the migrants and of course for the refugees coming from Syria. More than 60% of those coming from Syria, up to now, are refugees coming from the war. The first thing you have to do is to follow international law. And if you cannot afford to deal with the whole situation, if you have more than 1 million, a half a million refugees and migrants, call the United Nations agency to come in and provide financial help, provide for the infrastructure you need to provide for the refugees and migrants. The first thing that you have to do is to get rid of the Dublin and the Schengen treaties, in order to follow international law. Let me give you an example: the same situation happened in a country like Lebanon. Right now Lebanon is providing to more than 1,250,000 refugees. We're talking about 25% of the Lebanon population. Who is talking about Lebanon? Nobody. Because Lebanon follows international law.
JT How so?
DK Because it is not a member of the European Union, Lebanon does not want to create a slave labor out of the refugees, and what they are doing is what international law provides in a similar situation. Draghi does not want that. The European Union also does not want that. They want to take the refugees and of course the migrants and provide their own labor markets with slave labor. And that's the whole situation...
Let's look at the other things logically. The refugee coming from Syria or Iraq is going through trouble. The first thing a law abiding state has to do is to provide him with all the papers the refugee needs, all the papers that say who is a refugee and who is not. Draghi does not do that. They subsdize the whole industry of providing slave labor to the EU through Greece. And of course, Greece as a state has to go to international bodies, like the International Maritime Organization and say: “look at Turkey, what are they doing? They are creating a situation in the Agean. You have to take measures against that.” Turkey is a member of the International Maritime Organization. The International Maritime Organization can decide that "we have a situation - a crisis - that is created by a member state, and we have to do something about it." Now, Greece does not do that because it's a member of the European Union. And the European Union decides what will happen to the Greek islands. And Greece is only a member of the whole thing. It is only to abide to the decisions made by Mr. Tusk, Mr. Juncker and Mr. Erdogan. That's what we have right now. If we decide to provide the refugees the same type of asylum and infrastructure Lebanon provides it would be not a problem. Because, you would give to the refugee the same kind of international treatment as international law provides and let him to go wherever he likes. He wants to go to Germany - go to Germany.
And, we even could say that "Ok, we have refugees. From where? Syria. Who destroyed Syria? The United States. Ok, the United States must take 80% or 90% or 100% of the refugees from Syria.” You cannot destroy through war - a whole country - and then say “Oh, I have nothing to do with the refugee situation from that country.” The same thing with Afghanistan and with Iraq. That's international law. If you remember back in Vietnam days, when the southern Vietnam collapsed, what did the US do? They took more than a million Vietnamese refugees, I don't remember for whatever reason, they took the Vietnamese refugees because they were involved in the Vietnam war. Now what is going on in Syria? The same thing.
And I believe that the first countries that have to deal with the refugee problem are the United States and Russia. Because they are fighting on Syrian soil. And on top of that we need the Greek government, if we have a democratic government of course, to say, Ok, first of all and foremost, in order to deal with the refugee program, we need to stop the war in Syria. And of course, not only to stop the war, like they are doing right now, but establish law and order in Syria. And give back the situation to the lawful government - the Assad regime. Ok, I don't believe in the Assad regime. But that's the lawful government. And who is Mr. Obama or Mr. Putin or whoever to decide how many parts will be dissected, that Syria must be dissected, and for what reason... Give back the national sovereignty to Syria. Take out the foreign armies and the mercenaries, everybody. And of course then you will see all the refugees, or most of the refugees, coming back to Syria. And let us provide investment infrastructure to Syria in order to rebuild Syria because they demolished the whole country. That's how you deal with the refugee problem.
JT So I'm just trying to understand. This is a simple question. So the difference between Lebanon and Greece is that in the case of Lebanon, refugees are free to go elsewhere and in the case of Greece, the European Union...
DK They don't have Hotspots. Of course they do have infrastructure to provide for the refugees, with the help of the UN. But they are trying to deal with the problem in terms of the international law. With what international law provides for the refugee. The refugee is a sacred person. He's escaping war or a regime. So you have to deal with him as a sacred person. And in order to provide for him, and, of course to give him the opportunity to go back to the country. He didn't leave on his own free will, he escaped from a situation. It's not an opportunity for Germany or for France or for Poland or for the EU to have 2 million slave labor for their own labor market in order to bring down the wages and destroy the social infrastructure of the country so that the labor or the working class cannot fight against their own government or the European elite. The refugee is a sacred person. And you need to provide for him. And of course, do whatever you can, to stop the situation or to alter the situation that the refugee is escaping from. That's our opinion.
JT How do you think the mechanism of the Hotspots will work in terms of slave labor?
DK It's simple.In Greece we already have a law passed back in 2012 that provides the ability for the government to take from the Hotspots whoever it is, either he's an outlaw migrant or a refugee, and to provide labor supply in terms of whatever the government decides. For example, now we have a big situation with the farmers all over Greece. The government proposes to the farmers to give them free - without any charge - free slave labor from the Hotspots, and the government will subsidize the farmers for the slave labor of the migrants and the refugees working for them. That's a way to buy out, it's a way to buy the social consciousness of the farmers.
JT So why is the government subsidizing it, because it ends up being much cheaper?
DK Yes, of course. You'll have cheap labor for yourself, and on top of that you'll have all the income coming from the government, that normally will go for the refugees and the migrants - for the Hotspots - you'll get the income as a farmer. And you'll be provided with more income out of the slave labor you are using for every migrant or refugee you are occupying. It's a policy. It's a policy proposition from the Greek government, the Left government for the farmers. In order for them to stay quiet and not to revolt against the memorandum policies. "I'll provide for you slave labor, don't worry. Go back to your own farms." That's what the Left government is saying right now to the farmers.
JT But obviously for Greece to treat the refugees according to international law it would have to leave the European Union first but that's impossible...
DK Yes. Because you have to get rid of Schengen Treaty and Dublin Treaty. The Dublin Treaty created a special situation in dealing with refugees and migrants for the EU. It created an international situation, because back then when they provided refugees with international law, back in the protocols in the 1950s, they thought of the refugee and the migrant situation as an international problem, not an European problem. An international problem. Now, the EU wanted to refurbish the whole situation as a European problem. It's not a European - it's an international problem. And you have to deal with it as an international problem. That's why they created the Dublin I and Dublin II treaties. For members of the EU to decide themselves what to do with refugees and migrants. Not according to international laws and protocols. No. But through their own private interests. That's the privatization of an international problem.
JT Recently, as you obviously know, terrorists were found in Greece, trying to make their way... and what is very strange is how a caravan filled with AK47s and bullets managed to make its way, all the way, I think it was from Western Europe - Germany and Austria, all the way to Greece. Do you think there are flaws with the way the EU is doing its security?
DK Yeah, it's a huge industry. And the banking system that supports this, the banking logistics - is based on the Greek bankers and the Cyprus banks. That's why they are especially protected. No attorney, no justice system, can penetrate the banking system, and no one can say let's see what is going on, who's laundering money. Through what channels they are taking rights, or are there are payoff, things like that. We know that the Greek banking system and the Cypriot banking system, the systemic bank, they are first and foremost launderers of black money, coming from weapons, prostitution, and of course, migrants and refugees.
JT So the banks are complicit, in let's call it, intentional lack of monitoring its security, allowing smuggling...
DK Exactly. That's why they keep refinancing bankrupt institutions. Like the four systemic banks here in Greece that are bankrupt. And we know that. Since 2009. But they keep them afloat, although they are totally bankrupt. We are under capital controls, as you know, from June 2015. Actually, we are under a banking moratorium. You cannot do free banking, or if you go to bank and take the money out of your own private account, you cannot do that here in Greece - since 27th of June if I remember correctly. They closed the banks from that point and on and they didn't open them. And they are not going to open up the banks, only until they do a haircut to whatever they can to accounts, to whatever. So, they are totally bankrupt. They are under - we are under - a banking moratorium or capital control as the Europeans call it, and on top of that we have to refinance and recapitalize the closed-down banks. That's... as an economist I can say, that's an historical phenomenon. You cannot do that. There is no other historical precedent... None. You cannot have a closed down banking system and refinance... Why do they do that? Because it's the logistical basis of this huge laundering business. ... for all Europeans. I'm talking about the cash flow coming from this, through Turkey, to the European banks.
JT The cash flow?
DK I'm talking about armaments, prostitution, and the commerce of human beings - refugees and migrants.
JT So I'll just simplify so people will understand. So basically what you are saying is that the network of smuggling of prostitutions, of weapons, of drugs also...
JT Of drugs also, it goes to Turkish banks, and from Turkish banks it gets laundered again...to the European Union...
DK Through Greece. They are going to the huge banks, Deutsche Bank and others banks in the European...
JT So they carry the money on their bodies?
DK Yes. They want a free market for this kind of business. And we are a free market for this kind of business. Because Mr. Tusk, Mr. Juncker and Mr. Erdogan decide what is going to happen. For example, I'll give you an example you probably don't know. What Mr. Erdogan said to Mr. Tusk and to Mr. Jucnker back in November. Probably it was Russian intelligence that took the conversation and gave it to the Greek newspaper. Probably Russian intelligence, I don't know. But the newspaper printed a week ago a conversation between Mr. Tusk and Mr. Juncker with Mr. Erdogan, discussing the situation on the Greek islands, the refugee and the migrant problem. And Mr. Erodgan asked for not 3 billion but for 9 billion. And when Mr. Juncker said to him, “I cannot provide such funds for Turkey,” Mr. Erdogan said "you saw the drowned body of the 4 year old in the Greek island"? - "Yes." "How about sending you 14,000 such bodies to Greek islands?" - That's what Mr. Erdogan said to Mr. Juncker and Mr.Tusk. And when Mr. Juncker said: "What do you want? we are dealing with like you are a prince"? And Mr. Erdogan said: "Yes, I am a Prince. I'm an Ottoman Prince." So, you see, we are under a political mafia. And no people, even in Turkey or in the EU, can deal with this mafiosi. Because we don't have democracy or even parliamentarism to provide the people with a voice, or to have some people who will deal with it. They negotiate in the dark rooms. What the people could say a few decades ago - it is something like Nazism. That's why we say that we are facing not the European Union but a new European Reich. Full fledged.
JT So what does Erdogan do with the money he gets?
DK Mr. Erdogan wants to provide new funds in the industry we are talking about in Turkey. It's an official policy. And you can have illegal planning: take 100 refugees with your boat or whatever it is and take them to the Greek islands. It's an official policy. So you have the NGOs on the Greek islands. In my opinion, most of the NGOs working on the Greek islands are working for smugglers. Smuggling people. Let me give you an example: more than 10,000 children coming out of the sea and identified by NGOs - "saved" by NGOs - they were lost afterwards. No trace. No trace at all. In going to the EU. About 10,000 children. Who is responsible for this? We're talking about a massacre. Because, the children up to 14, 15 years old, are going to European Union, for what? For prostitution and of course for illegal forms of human organs. 10,000 children. And that's the situation the EU created in our armed forces with the support of our own government.
JT What do you think can be done about the fact that a lot of Greek people are simply apathetic and they don't see the connection between the Euro and their own economic situation. The longer they wait, the worse it's going to get. Because there are growing chances there's the war in Syria is going to get much bigger. If that happens, Greece is a member of NATO... and Greece will get involved in the war in Syria.
DK I know. And we are very very fearful right now about the rise of that possibility. Because NATO is in the Aegean not for the refugees or the migrants. They are here to confront Russia. Ok?
JT Russian forces in Syria?
DK Yes. We're talking about a huge naval force from Russia coming from Crimea and from the Baltics and for the first time after the 19th century the Aegean is closed off. They cannot get a safe passage to Crimea. You can see what is going on?
JT But how will boats manage to block Russian forces?
DK Because the Agean is now out of reach for the Greek government and nominally for the Turkish government. Who is going through the Agean is up to NATO to decide, who is going to go through or to have safe passage. NATO decides. Not Greece, not Turkey, not even international law. You can say that according to international law I can have safe passage... No! Because NATO is doing surveillance all over the Aegean and NATO decides who is going to pass. Because let's say the Russian warships are working for refugees or for migrants, whatever. They can say whatever they like. Who is going to say otherwise? - Russia. Oh, so what. That's what happened here in Greece.
Of course we lost our sovereignty, and on top we're totally involved in the war creation process of NATO against Russia. And of course that's why the Russians, Mr. Putin agreed on a set-back in Syria. Agreed on a ceasefire in Syria that provides for the mercenaries. Because the mercenaries were to use the ceasefire situation in order to refurbish their own forces with new material and of course ammunition and of course men, coming especially from Turkey.
JT Then the talks in Geneva collapsed and then NATO decided to go to the Aegean...
DK Yeah, exactly.
JT The talks collapsed pretty much with the support of the US...
DK And now, they can, Mr. John Kerry, can go to Lavrov and say to them: “Ok, if you.. You have two possible situations... Either your fleet is cut off from Crimea, and we're talking about a huge fleet that's with cruise missiles... the major ships of the Russian crimea fleet. Either you lose your fleet or we decide together to get rid the Assad Regime.” And that's right now what is happening. Of course, Russia tries to manipulate or whatever but what is happening right now to Syria is exactly that. Even with the declarations of Mr. Steinmeyer back two days ago. What Mr. Steinmeyer, the secretary of foreign policy of the German government said was that the only thing we need right now, is that Tehran and Moscow will provide for Mr. Assad to lay down his arms. That's the whole plan. To dissect Syria, into 3 or 4 zones. Back to what they did in Tunisia, or Libya, or Iraq. Same situation. And after Syria, they will go on. They will go to Jordan, they will go to Iran, they will go to Turkey itself. And they will dissect again and again the whole Middle East situation. And of course us too… But we are easy to be dissected.
JT This leads me to a different question: The European elites must be aware of the social unrest here, so how do you think they plan to continue?
DK I believe that by the end of 2017 - this is my own conclusion - we will not have Greek forces involved either in national defense or in security. Inner security will be provided from NATO. Even the army of Greece will be demolished and only a few units will remain, just like in Bulgaria or Albania. And they are going to be totally submitted to NATO.
And right now, we have on the northern borders of Greece, Academi and Group 4 forces, provided with Frontex budgets, right now.
JT Where exactly?
DK Sérres and Komotini. Greece and Macedonia - Greek Macedonia. And everybody knows that. The Greek army knows, the Greek police knows that. But it was decided by the Europeans...
JT But what are their purposes for being there exactly?
DK Officially to provide security service guarding the northern borders of Greece because Greece cannot provide such a security. Let me give you an example of the whole situation, of how dire is the whole situation. In the third memorandum you will see that we have to provide less and less to our own national defense. The state budget of 2016 provides 200 million, not billion, 200 million to national defense budget. In the 2015 budget, the national defense budget was 500 million. In one year's time, the Europeans decided that the national budget must go down by 300 million. With only 200 million Euros, you cannot even pay the wages of the military personnel you employ as a state. On the budget of 2017, the memorandum says that the national budget will have to go down even further.
JT So in the future we will see a situation where, when there will be social unrest, Greeks will find themselves confronted by mercenaries, Academi...
DK Exactly. When you will have such a situation in Greece, I can guarantee you, the Greek people will take arms. It was done back in the 20th century a lot of times and it will be done again. Of course, we don't want that, to go down that road. But we will travel this road, if we cannot do otherwise. We will fight for our country. Our forefathers fought for our country... We will fight even with arms, if we are against foreign troops, mercenaries or whomever. We will fight. Of course I believe that in 2016 there will be a social resurrection here in Greece, one way or the other. I don't know which way the social unrest will go. But we will have social unrest. If you go around Greece you will see a lot of people now, asking: "Ok, the situation is over our heads. I cannot afford any longer to stay silent. I have to do something." Ok, we have the farmers. We have the lawyers. We have the medical people. All over Greece, the social rage is climbing. We will have a social unrest... and we will try, through EPAM of course, to make it a participation, to pave social unrest and to create a situation that can end up in a social revolution. Because the only way we can get rid of the whole regime is through a social and political revolution.
When we are talking about creating a social revolution we are not talking about - in the same way - like we're expecting an attack on the Winter Palace like the Russians did back in 1917. No. We are talking about the organization of a huge part - a major part of the Greek population in my opinion - that will demand the demolition of the whole regime. We will see that. And I believe that we will see that in 2016. I don't believe that it will be before August. After we see the weather in Greece opening up, you will see that most of the major movements, the social movements here in Greece, they are coming out like when Spring is coming. When we have spring in terms of the weather, it's the same thing with society. Something like a natural biological process in society. You have a spring in society. And you will have that in 2016.
Otherwise, I don't know what we will face in 2017 and in 2018. Probably, we will have to fight through other means.
JT By the way, speaking of Iran, I read a report on this on one website that Albania received about 2,000 fighters of an Iranian opposition group.
DK Yeah, that's true.
JT But why?
DK Well, let me give you a scenario. I don't know if it will come out... but it's a kind of scenario that happens in Greece especially on a military level, and of course, with the security forces.
They are expecting some kind of a UÇK situation on Macedonia or even closer to the Albanian border. An UÇK situation is like a thousand, two thousand mercenaries, coming to... and creating a situation. Like the UÇK did in Serbia, in Kosovo.
JT The KLA?
DK Yes, the KLA [Kosovo Liberation Army]. We call them the UÇK. Mercenaries. NATO mercenaries. It's very easy nowadays. We don't have the means to guard the borders of our country. By 2017 we will have foreigners guarding our borders. Especially mercenaries, Academi and Group 4. British multinationals and American multinationals – the corporation created out of Blackwater. They already have an agreement with the Frontex organization to provide security services. So, it's quite easy. Who is going to stop them? Nobody. Except of course the Greek people. And they have in their minds the same situation. They will create a huge regiment, leading the section of Macedonia, the mercenaries will probably invade, and coming down to Athens. And when the Greek citizen sees refugees, Greek refugees, coming... they will be frightened so much, they will accept anything. That's the NATO scenario.
Of course, our history is quite different. If the Greek sees a Greek citizen coming as a refugee from a foreign invasion, you will see what will happen. You will see the same thing that happened back in 1940. With even no boots on their own legs, they went up to the Albanian mountains fighting against the Italian fascists. No guns. No political leadership. With the military dictatorship and fascist dictatorship here in Greece. And the Greek people went up there without even stopping. Because back then we had more casualties from the winter than from the Italian fascists. Because our forefathers had nothing. And they fought back then. Nobody believed back then... Even Ciano who designed the Italian offensive in Greece said back then when a British diplomat asked him, "How sure you can be that through your offensive Greece will collapse in a few days"? And Ciano said, "We bribe the whole regime, the Metaxas regime." It was a fascist regime. And what happened? Every Greek, even my grandfather, who walked with a limp, he was one leg short from birth, he went on foot from Kalamata to the Albanian border. We are talking about more than 1,000 KM. On foot. Without even a gun. He took a gun from a dead Italian fascist. And fought. Down to the end. You will see the same thing happen again. They don't know the Greek people.
Of course, it's easy to say that if you take the Greek and close him inside a dark room, and say from time 1 to time 24, 24/7, say to him "You know, No, Don't open up the door because the light will blind you." Well probably most of the Greeks will decide not to open up the door. But when you squeeze him against the wall, he will decide, either to be a traitor or a hero. And most of them will decide to become heroes. Even if...
It's easier for Greek, even if you see the history, to give up his life, rather than to give up his hour or his wallet or whatever. It's easier for him, to decide to give up the life.
JT Why would NATO want to do such a thing? To... prevent a social rest?
DK No, no. It wants to create a corridor in the Balkans.
JT NATO does?
DK Yeah. A corridor coming through Turkey, Greece, Macedonia, and Albania. It's a corridor. It's a buffer zone. In order to control the whole Balkans.
JT And then NATO will come in to restore order...
DK Exactly. And through that you'll have gas pipes, or installations, whatever. It's only for foreign forces to control the whole Balkans. And of course, through the Balkans you control Central Europe. You control Russia. If you'll go back you'll see the same thing as the Truman Doctrine in the new situation. It's the same thing. What we had back then - the Truman Doctrine that took us into a civil war in Greece - it's the same thing. They will create this buffer zone, they will reduce Southern Greece, in order to provide for an installation of Israeli forces and NATO forces, in order to have a lever, a foothold for Israeli defense. Because they want Israel to be like it is right now. It's a constable for the US imperialism in the Middle East. They need it. By destroying the whole Middle East you need to provide Israel with a backbone of defense - a buffer.
If you go back to 1967, when Israel started the Six Day War against Egypt. The US asked the military junta we had back then - created by NATO here in Greece, - asked the military dictatorship to provide Crete for military installations for the Israeli air force against Egypt. Back then even the military junta thought of the political reactions here in Greece and they didn't accept. Right now, the Left government signed an SOFA, a treaty, with Israel. And now Israel is creating a military airport, in Kastelii in Crete, and bigger military installation of radars in Crete. They are creating installations all over Crete. Crete is another, you know, unsinkable airbase, it's like a...
JT An aircraft carrier....
DK Exactly. An unsinkable aircraft carrier for NATO. And the Left government signed all of this, for NATO and Israel. We are the only state, besides the United States, to have SOFA treaty with Israel. Nobody else, nobody else. Only us and the United States.
That's why NATO and US allies like Israel need: from Larissa downwards, to south of Greece, for military purposes and for geostrategic purposes. From Larissa upwards - that's Macedonian Greece – it’s going to become a buffer zone to control the whole Balkan situation. That's why we have all these...
JT But that's obviously not a long-term solution for them. It just means perpetual war and conflict...
DK Exactly. We have a perpetual war because we have a perpetual war on the financial market. So as long as we have that kind of functional situation of the world economy, we have perpetual war. 100%. And in my opinion, we have a third world war. It started on 2014. Why? Because it was the first year that 11% of the world's population was involved in military action or worse. The first time since the Second World War. And from that point and on, you will see every year, 2015, 2016, more people coming in... That's world war. Yes. And we will probably the surpass the second world war. But in a different plain, we will have perpetual war all over the place. With Rogue states, civil wars, demolition wars, the demolition of nations and states, things like that. That's the new form of the world war.
JT And that is inevitable because of the financial, with the power players...
DK Exactly. They need states, nations and people to be liquid as capital.
JT Maybe you can talk about that a little bit...
DK It's easy. If I am Mr. Buffet, I know we are not talking about Buffet but a financial elite... in order to create new situation of more profit for my own investment capital, I cannot deal with different states. And I have more then, nominally, we have more than 327 trillion dollars in terms of investment capital worldwide. Controlled by 40 banks... even less. 40 banks. 327 trillion... We have a GDP, a world GDP, from 75 to 77 trillion dollars. And they are only for investment. We're not talking about derivatives or other aspects of the financial market. We're talking about 327 trillion dollars. So in order to create an opportunities for my capital to provide new, or even more profit, for my portal, we have to destroy and re-destroy the whole... I cannot provide more out of the normal economic cycle. We have to destroy and recreate the cycle itself. And there's no way I can do that if we have normal states or people or national economies, things like that. We tried that through financial means. We saw that. And we saw how the whole market was destroyed back in 2007 up to 2008. After that, they recreated the whole market and right now they have even a worse situation then back in 2007. So, in order to subsist that kind of a situation in the financial market, we need an army, we need political means - the economy cannot provide anymore. You will see that the big international corporations are avoiding from investing. They keep the money on the coffers, and they are using it re-buying equities in the financial market. Things like that. They cannot...
JT They buy what?
DK Equities, their own equities. You will see the world commerce going down. So the normal world economy cannot afford to go up on the same level as the financial market. And the difference between the level of the real economy and of the fictitious economy is even bigger than that. What covers the difference is the political means. Creating opportunities for the fictitious capital. That's the only way. There's no other way.
That's why when the equities market went down back in 2014, the US decided that "Ok, forget all about lowering the defense budget. No. Forget all about it. Give more bills to the defense budget." From 2014, you have the advancement of the defense budget in the US. The same in all over neighboring countries. You will see, new wars erupting all over the planet.
JT How will they happen in NATO countries? the migrants or...
DK All over. Germany, went from 4 to 5 billion - if I remember the data correctly from the first budget - right now on 2015, do you know how much was the defense budget of the Federal Republic of Germany? 162 billion euros. That's huge. And for what? To re-create a world class army. That's why the US wanted to give the leadership of the maritime mission of the NATO mission in the Aegean to Germany. It's the first time after World War II, after the Bonn Treaty of 1951, for the Germans to only participate but to take leadership of a military mission. It's the first time. And of course, Germany is a world class economy. And they want to keep that kind of status in the world economy. They tried a military partnership with Russia back in 2010. But of course the US destroyed that. They tried through the EU to create the so-called European Army, the European military force. But it was destroyed by NATO. And now, they are going through NATO military force with the agreement of the US.
That's why they decided about the Aegean, 4 days after the General Secretary of NATO said it is Ok for the US to quadruple the military installations and military personnel in Europe. Ok? That's a huge change in the US policy of NATO. And of course, “to defend Europe against Russian aggression.” All these political changes and developments you will see on the background of the situation in the financial markets. And what we have now is that even the BRICS economies cannot provide for the world economy. After the 2008, we had the collapse of the Lehman Brothers, the world economy, even the US and of course the banks, the economies of capitalism and imperialism, and they had a way out. Through BRICS they invested a lot... and now the BRICS are coming down, especially in China or even in India, Brazil, even in Russia they have big problems. Of course they cannot do anything. China cannot do anything. Because these are totally dependent on a world scale demand. If you don't have a world demand for your own economy to grow 8% every year or 10% every year, then you have to recreate your own economy on a basis of a local market. But in doing that you have to provide your own citizens with more income. More labor rights. And more protection for social situations. Can China, the Chinese Communist Party or the Chinese Government do such a turn? No, I don't believe that they can do it. Because it would be a fortune for the Chinese to get out of the economic model they had from the 1980s. They cannot do such a social political turn for their own economy. They will destroy the whole system, the political system in China. And if you do that, you will have a Chinese working class demanding more and more and more. And the world capitalist economy would lose the Chinese wage. So, the only way for the world system to go ahead is only through war. There is no other way. They cannot invest anymore. Only in a total destruction. Perpetual war.
JT But obviously that's not a long term solution. So we're just going to see more and more wars throughout the EU?
DK Exactly. Or up to the point where you will have people's revolutions – people who want to take back their own country and rebuild it. And in order to rebuild it they have to get rid of all the connections they have with the financial markets, the loan sharks, investment banks, or whatever. That's the only solution. The alternative.
JT But any country which would do a revolution, of some kind of gain, any country which would reclaim its sovereignty... would find itself under attack, will find itself under debt, so...
DK Well, yes. But it's difficult to find who will fight against sovereignty. It's difficult for NATO or whomever to create a war situation against Greece because you don't go up against a people that are united and decisive enough to fight for their own country. That's why they didn't go against Iran. You will see them trying to use the difference between the government and the people, like they did in Syria. You have the regime, the Assad regime, which is not - you know - "people friendly" let's say, and create a situation where you can demolish the social cohesion of the whole country. So if you have a social revolution or a popular revolution in Greece and the people are decisive enough to fight for the country, no NATO, no noone can go up against such a people. Or of course we will face an economic war. So what? We don't want to be part of the financial market. We are not going out on the financial market for loans. We can do without loans. We are not in need of them. Greece is a small economy.
JT ... Greece can be self-sustaining in terms of producing its own food.
DK Exactly. It's easy. It's easy for us to even find the oil we need for our economy. Or the industrial profits, or the industrial technology we need. If we want to rebuild our own industries of textiles, we'll go to Bangladesh, we won't go to the US. In Bangladesh we can find whatever we like, in industrial technology, in textile industry. And we will rebuild it.
JT But I'm not sure how... if you already made the case that NATO and the financial system, at the current crisis that we're in, how it profits from and encourages and is causing more and more wars. By that same logic then, if we follow that logic, any place that would have a revolution, NATO would attack that place...
DK Yeah. They will try...
JT Maybe the people will fight back, as in the case if they would have invaded Iran. But they would still try...
DK They will try. They will try by going from the backdoor, you know. Not through the front door. Because by going from the front door you risk a revolution in your own country. And they don't want that. They want to be legitimized in the people's eyes, even in their own country. The people would have to say that the Greeks are wrong and NATO is right. For what? Because the Greeks asked for the country back? And because they said no loans, no nothing, we don't need anything from you? “We're going to work our country and prosper. That's the only thing we are asking for... And of course we want democracy.” They need some kind of an excuse. They cannot go and destroy... For example, in Libya they had the excuse of Gaddafi. In Syria, Assad. In Iraq, Saddam Hussein. In Iran, the Mullahs. In Greece, what? They are leaving the EU? They want to rebuild their own country with their own abilities? And to rely on whatever their own country can provide? It's quite difficult. Of course they can say whatever they like. But if we do a good job, if we provide for the people, which is what we are saying. If we create a new kind of a situation, a real democratic situation - not, you know, a sign of democracy - but a real democracy, it's very very difficult even for the CIA to create a situation like this. Even to create a situation like we see in Venezuela. They forgot that a revolution everywhere in the world, if you want a revolution, you have to trust the people, not the regime, whatever good it is, not the party, no. The people. The grassroots. And if you forget that, you will pay for that. And that's what happened back in the Chavez era in Venezuela. Now they are paying for that. Create a grassroots democracy. Take to the people your own things. Give the people the ability to decide...
JT ...And I think the military can make the situation better for everyone.
DK If you have the military, and at the same time you will have a popular movement, and the popular movement will try to recreate from the bottom-up the whole situation- that's a good thing. Of course it's a risky business, but that's a good thing. But in order to do that, you cannot stop at anything. If you use a knife, use it well, without any hesitation. I'm talking in a matter of time, and I'm for it, Ok. If you have to use it, use it. You don't mess around, use it. If you decide that the whole situation is up to cutting some throats, cut them. No questions asked. Cut them. In a few day's time, in order to pacify the whole situation. If you prolong it, you create more strife. And that's my opinion. If you decide that the only way out is using the military, do it. And do it in 24 hours, get rid of them all. And then find a way to legitimize. They are traitors? Ok, they are traitors. Hang them. And let history judge.
From that time on, you will work to put the people in front of the whole situation. And from that point on you will recreate the whole regime, from the bottom-up. A grassroots democracy. And through that everybody, at the end, will say, Ok, it was a situation. And of course, go out to the people and take the blame yourself. You will say that “Ok, it was my fault, as a movement, that we came to that point. We made certain mistakes. We are not going to do that anymore. We will fight for our country because we are facing an invasion, it is a new type of invasion than Syria, but we will fight,” if you decide to use the military. And tell to the people: “Ok, we made the situation worse but we will rectify, with you. And from that point and on, you [the people] will decide, and we will follow.” That's the only way, if you come to this. And that's what we said about Greece. If we come to this situation where we have to use weapons or arms to deal with the enemy, we will do that. No hesitation. No way around it. No. We will do that. And we will do that with the most resourceful and efficient way we can do that. In order to resolve the whole situation in the smallest possible time. No prolonging, no nothing. We will fight. We will get rid of them. And then our recreate our own country, we will build a true democracy. And that's what back in the 40s, the national revolution movement against the Nazi occupation did. Up in the mountains. From day one, they created a democracy for the people. It was very good. But they did the same mistake again. They didn't trust the people, the grassroots people. And on a specific... the leadership was not adequate to deal with the political situation and accepted the presence of the British military in the country and that was the start of the civil war.
Their mistake was that they didn't believe in the people. They fought for the people but they didn't believe...
JT The people need to be educated for you to really believe in them...
DK No. I believe that the people, when they start to fight, they learn from their own experience. Let's see, you can see the Egypt situation. When the people without a political leadership or a political program, learn how to deal with the government, and how to dethrone a government or a regime - the Mubarak regime - it's something that, you know, it’s written on the genes, on the people's genes. They know the way. If they get rid of the fear of dealing with the regime or the government, then it's easy, to topple one government, and then topple another government. Of course, when you have a political program it is easy to topple a government and create a new political situation. That's the deficiency of the Egypt situation right now. But the people know how to deal with them...
JT But that's only possible when the people reclaim their rights.
DK Exactly. You cannot have a successful revolution or social insurrection without a political program, a very specific political program. Ok, we don't want them. We have to know what we want. What will succeed after the toppling of the government or the regime.
That's where we are trying to organize and we are trying to educate the people politically. You know, we need democracy. But what kind of democracy? We don't need any type of democracy, we need grassroots democracy. We need the people to decide, not only every four years but every time any serious situation involving the people comes. To involve the citizens. To create a situation that even one citizen can make a difference.
JT Why in the world would Merkel want to accept millions of migrants to Germany after she said in the past that multiculturalism failed?
DK The main problem of the German economy is the export of capital. The net investment position of the German economy is about 26% of the German GDP. It's a huge provider of capital for the national market. 26%, out of 20% before the EU. So the main strength of the German economy is to keep exporting capital. It's a more typically imperialist economy compared to the US. Like an old European imperialist economy. Where I need to export capital in order to provide for the financial and economic elite.
In order to do that it has to squeeze down all the labor costs and the social costs.
Ok, they did that for 20 years. Now they are facing a social situation. They cannot squeeze now even more the German labor or the German working class. They need some external force. The Germans know. The Germans know from the 60s. In order to create a German miracle back then they wanted millions of immigrants. That's the same thing right now. But the difference is back then, it was a different world situation and European situation. A different capitalism, let's say. They tried, most of them, especially the German trade unions, they tried to take most of the immigrant people, to take them and create a new kind of a German citizen. Now there is no more of that. "We need, immigrants for the specific time of staying in Germany." "We need - the German oligarchy needs – a few hundred thousands or 1 million immigrants only for a specific time now. We need to get rid of them as soon as they start asking for rights."
JT And how will they do that?
DK Easy. They take them back to Greece. Easy.
JT It will create a civil war. You can just do that easily...
DK So what. They did that.
JT So there could be a civil war in Germany?
DK Yes. Because the Germans now - the German worker or the German middle class will lose everything. And that's why you see Nazi parties in Germany coming up, especially in Bavaria. All over Germany you see people, political factions, that they say that they are not Nazis but Ok, over the political rhetoric you will see that Nazism is coming up again in Germany. Based on the social situation created from that policy.
JT But not everyone who opposes migration in Germany is a Nazi. They have a right, would you say they have a right to oppose migration?
DK Yeah, of course. I do. The difference between the Nazis, is the same thing like in the middle war years. The Nazis weren't against migration. They were for migration, of course using them as slave labor. During the Nazi regime there were 7.5 million migrants working in Germany as slaves. There were more migrants than at any other time in German history. So, they were not against migration, they were for.
Of course, you had... it was like Marx said. The capitalists are for migration using them in order to bribe their own working class. The same thing happened with the Nazis. They were using slave labor in order to bribe the German working class to accept the Nazi regime. Bribing them or through the army or providing more for the Germans against the slave labor force from Eastern Europe or from all over Europe. They were working for jobs the German working man didn't want, the jobs were not respectful enough. They were working for less than trash, Ok? And of course, all during the war, the German soldier coming from the working class, had the ability to loot the whole Europe to provide for the family. And that's how, more or less, it was a blind eye, even for the German working class, a blind eye for what the Nazis did all over Europe, and of course, the death camps and things like that. It's something you know, it was a bribe. Of course, it was quite different under a totalitarian regime. But it was exactly the utmost scale of what the British imperialists did with the British working class using the slave labor of the Irish back in the 19th century. That's why Engels and Marx said you have to get rid of the bulk of the Irish, in order for the British working class to become revolutionary. And first and foremost, you have to give national sovereignty for the Irish in order for them to stay in their own country and not to come in to Britain. It's the same thing.
JT What I found interesting is as you said, just as there is a farmers protest here and entire farms are being taken over by corporations and Monsanto's power grows more and more, we're seeing the same crisis in the US. Because the government is taking - from what I learned - the government is taking land from private farmers and ranchers, to create a national park, and then they sell off the area to private corporations, even areas with uranium. So what happened now in Oregon, is that a lot of farmers and ranchers, white farmers and ranchers, came out to protest against the government. But the interesting thing is, that the American Left who you would think would be the first ones to join - didn't join. So what is your opinion about that?
DK Well, in my opinion, most of the Left, even in Europe and the United States, lost the ability to know or to acknowledge the real problems. In order to provide a revolutionary movement, let's say. If we consider the Left to be a revolutionary force, you have to know the grassroots’ problem. You are fighting for the working class, that in order become a dominant class, it has to be a dominant class for the nation. That is what the Communist Manifesto said back in 1845. Marx said that the working class doesn't have countries. But at the same time he said that since the working class has to gain power, it must become the dominant class of the nation. A nation is not something you sign off at the doorsteps of the country or on the constitution. Nation is something that comes from the bottom-up that creates a society. A place where someone can fight for rights, for the rights to self-government. If you lose sight of that, it's easy to cross sides and to become part of the dominant class and adopt the ideology of imperialism. See how easy it is nowadays internationally to become mixed up with cosmopolitanism - the ideology of imperialism. “You don't need nations.” Even in our own country, we have Left forces, saying that because of the migrants and the refugee crisis, “Let's get rid of the national borders.” Ok. NATO did that for us. That's what NATO did. So, the extreme left, let's say, the most radical left, by saying “Let’s get rid of the national borders,” invited actually NATO to do that. That's why I went out and said that “Ok, the radicals of Left saying that are only agents of NATO imperialism.” It's the same thing. We're fighting for the people first and foremost, for everyone who has the right to own a land in the country, as a farmer or as a citizen, to have his own traditions, beliefs, even a religion. I don't believe in any religion but I will fight to death for my people to have their right to have their own religion. That's what Ernesto Che Guevara said about the theology of liberation in Latin America. He was not a religious man. But he fought and said that a revolutionary or liberation theology was part of parcel of national liberation movements in Latin America. You can see that even in Greece.
For the people in order to become free, first and foremost they have to have national self-determination. National sovereignty. To become a nation. To become a nation is where the last of the last of the citizens has the right to create the state that the the citizen lives in. That's what nations is all about. And on top of that he has the ability, has the right, to create his own tradition, it's own art, civilization. We don't have to earn a civilization. We have it. A human civilization, created from different cultures, different historical types of civilization. Every type of civilization, of a people's civilization, has the right, to become the dominant civilization in its own country. And by dominant civilization, I don't mean “get rid of the minority.” No. Every citizen has the right. In order to do that we have to have national sovereignty. I believe in the Greek tradition. I'm proud of the Greek tradition. Because I know the Greeks that have fought for, the Greeks that came out of the revolution or war of independence, like the US historical textbook I am talking about, and the major slogan from the period was "Freedom or Death." We were the first people who said "Freedom or Death." Not "Patria O Muerte" [Homeland or Death] like the Latin Americans. We said that also. But we said "Freedom or Death." We were fighting not only against Ottomans but against all the empires of Europe, the holy alliance. And I am proud of that tradition. And I have the right to keep to that tradition. And to keep calling myself "I am a Greek." And since I am a Greek I have a huge tradition looking back. And since I am a Greek, I am living in Greece, I have to fight for democracy. Because it's my tradition. It's not only a political demand, it's my tradition. It was here that the first fight for democracy, real democracy, took place, going back to the classical time. So it is my tradition.
It's only a world tradition. It's my tradition, first and foremost. And that's why they are fighting against Greece. They want to destroy the Greeks. That's why they slander Greeks. That they are nowadays Jews for Europe. What the Nazis said about the Jews back in the middle war years, they are saying now about the Greeks. Why? Because they want to destroy the classical tradition of Greece. And the classical tradition of Greece was about democracy. Was about how to provide for the people. Demos we called that. The power of Demos, the power of the people. And they recreate the whole classical tradition, through their own imperialist aims.
They say in Berlin, in Paris, in London, and even in Washington, that they are the continuers of the classical tradition. No, the continuers are us. That's why I see a civilizational collusion. Different civilizations. And I'm not talking about high from bullshit. I'm talking about real civilizations. Our civilization, even through our religion, it's not mine but most of the Greeks, we're talking about free will. The Greek Orthodox Church is based on free will. It's not like Catholicism or Protestanism. We believe in free will. Because even Christianity had to adopt to the Greek classical tradition. And that's why in the Greek Orthodox Church you will see even the most religious person talking about free will. The free will of the human.
For us, we are fighting for human freedom. And we are facing the Protestant tradition in terms of economics and politics that says first and foremost it's submission. No. For us, it's free will. It's freedom. Freedom to do whatever we like in terms of the person inside a society. That's the difference between the Greek culture. Even now the European elite call us stubborn, we don't cooperate with what they say. Their vision of cooperation is the submission of the person to the totality. A totalitarian view of cooperation. No. We say that we can be different. Quite different. For a different road. But we can fight together. That's how the Greek city-states back in the fourth century BC fought against the Persians. They were fighting each other before, but in the critical moment, the Athenians decided to leave their own city-state in order to go to Salamis to fight effectively against the Persians. And of course they were fighting for freedom and democracy against Eastern despotism. That's the whole meaning. And it's even today. We are very different. We can fight easily each other. Easily. You can see it even in our own close relations. But at the critical moment, we will find a way to unite and fight the common enemy.
And that's the difficult part also. We're not soldiers, like the Germans. Following the leader, the Führer. No. We are quite different. You see, our national hero, one our national heroes is Kolokotronis. Kolokotronis is like, I can translate it in English, Kolos is in us and kotrona is a stone. It means "us as a stone." Kolokotronis.
DK No. Actually, he had a forefather that could jump easily more than 10 meters from a stationary position. And the Albanians, the Turkish Albanians back then said - he was admired by the Albanians, you know, back then, they were very renowned fighters. And the Albanians called him Kolokotronis, he has an “us” out of a stone in order to jump out of a stationary position ten meters away. That's why he was called Kolokotronis. Kolokotronis said “it's easy.” He fought for Napoleon and for the English as a mercenary back in the early 19th century. When he was the leader, one of the military leaders of the Greek revolution, he said “It's easy to lead a European army. It's easy. You are the general, you have a staff, you deploy your plan, and then you give the orders to your staff, and the commanders and the staff decide what to do next. It's very difficult to lead a Greek army. Because a Greek army, you have to go out and say good things about someone, say bad things about the other, give presents to the other, and things like that. It's very difficult. No European can lead a Greek army.” It's the Greek society, it's the Greek flavor, it's the Greek culture. But that's what we are. That's our Greek temperament. That what differntiates us from all over Europe and the Balkans. And that's what we want to keep. If we go back to the 16th century, the 17th century, if you read the Europeans that came here as travelers, you will see the same thing. When they were coming to Ottoman Greece, they were expected to see philosophers discussing philosophy matters and things like that. Instead they met poor people subjected to a very despostic regime, the southern regime. But they liked the term “freedom.” That's why all over the place, you'll see easily, you'll find the names Elefteris and Eleftheria. Elefteris is a very common name, Elefteris means “free,” “freedom.” Eleftheria means “Freeedom” in Greek. And you'll see that all over even in the 16th century. English, Germans, French travelers came here, to Ottoman Greece, from all over the place and heard everywhere people saying to each other “Yasu Elefteris” [Hi Eleftheria]. Elefteris is the Greek name for freedom, or Elefteria - the female name. It's something, you know, you have to... It goes back centuries. And, we are proud of it, we are not going to get rid of it, and we don't want to get rid of it, to become a German type of society. And that's why the human center of civilization started from here, something to do with the climate, and of course, as Hippocrates said back then, “The Greeks are much better fighters than Asians because they are not under a despostic regime.”
It's the same thing right now. Of course we are trying to keep up because we don't have a political situaiton that is free and democratic but it's inside every Greek. And you want something like that. They didn have... We try to fight, our people fought for that kind… it's easy for the Greeks when they start fighting to find a way to create a democratic situation. It's easy for us. We did that back in the war. And if you remember the partisans were fighting up on the mountains. And on the villages are the most socially backward socieities, but in these villages a new kind of democracy was created. And it was easy for the most backward village to adapt that type of democracy,a new type. The villagers created their own judges, they created their own political system and they decided themselves what to do. Under an occupation. Even the intelligence secret agents that fought in Greece, who were of course against the Partisans…
JT The British?
DK Yes. Mr. Woodhouse. Even he said, in his own book afterwards that in a period of three years of fighting over the mountains the Greeks managed to civilize the most uncivilized place, the mountains in Central Greece, because you know it's something with the Greek people. It’s the same thing. The difficult thing for us to start, but after that it's easy. It's our tradition. It will come up. We will find our way to create the most fantastic and admirable democracy. The only problem is to convince people you have to get rid of the whole regime, not only a party or a government. Otherwise you will lose and die.
JT Thank you very much. Efhartiso poly.